Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Civil Engineering) - Course Overview

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What is BTech Civil Engineering?

BTech Civil Engineering is an undergraduate engineering degree of 4 years. It is a perfect course to pursue in the current economy, as India is a developing nation and the need for skilled civil engineers is high to design and build infrastructure projects.


The subjects that are taught during the course include Basic Steel Design, Construction Project Management, Geotechnical Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Structural Analysis, etc. 


Students who have opted for science subjects at the 10+2 level of schooling are eligible to apply for admission to BTech Civil Engineering. All of the top engineering institutes in the country admit students on the basis of entrance examinations like JEE Main and JEE Advanced. There is also a round of counseling held after qualifying the entrance examinations.


Get complete information about all the BTech Course.

There are various public and private institutes that offer this course. The average course fees for the program ranges between INR 2,00,000 to INR 4,00,000 in public institutes and between INR 3,00,000 to INR 6,00,000 in private engineering institutes.

Graduates get hired in public and private organizations in positions like civil engineers, transportation engineers, water resource engineers, structural engineers, environmental engineers, civil engineering technicians, etc. They usually get employment in areas like construction and structures, environmental construction, irrigation, urban development, land development, etc.

The average placement package that can be expected by fresh graduates is around the range INR 3,00,000 to 5,00,000.

Upon graduation with a BTech Civil Engineering degree, one can opt to enroll in MTech in Civil Engineering, MBA or PGDM, Law programs, etc. MBA degree will fetch much higher MBA Salary with a corporate office and the opportunity to run a business.

The course highlights for BTech Civil Engineering has been put in a table below. All the important information regarding BTech Civil Engineering has been mentioned below.

Course LevelUndergraduate
Full-FormBachelors of Technology in Civil Engineering
Duration4 years
Examination typeSemester System
Eligibility10+2 with Science Subjects
Admission ProcessEntrance Examination and a round of counseling
Course FeeINR 2,00,000 to INR 4,00,000 in public institutes INR 3,00,000 to INR 6,00,000 in private institutes
Average SalaryINR 3,00,000 to INR 5,00,000
Top Recruiting CompaniesL&T, Sobha developers Ltd, Maytas Infra Ltd, Shapoorji Pallonji, Shimizu Corp, Jones Lang LaSalle, Jacobs Engineering, Alacrity Infosystems, TATA consulting engineers Ltd, Land Transport Authority, etc
Job PositionsCivil Engineer, Transportation Engineer, Water Resource Engineer, Structural Engineer, Environmental Engineers, Civil Engineering Technicians, etc.


BTech Civil Engineering admissions are done through entrance examination mode or direct admission through quota. The step by step process to get admitted through entrance examinations are given below.


Entrance Exam Based Admission


The most popular engineering entrance exams in the country are JEE Main and JEE Advanced, which are required for admission into primarily public universities. Private institutes also conduct their own examinations or rely on the national/ state level entrance exams. The guide to apply for entrance exam based admission is as follows.


  1. Registration: Registration dates are announced days before by the institute. An account needs to be created with basic details like email-id, phone number, etc.
  2. Fill up details: Fill up the application form with all necessary details with care. Care must be taken to ensure all details are accurate and correct.
  3. Submit documents: Scan and upload all required documents like mark sheets. Documents need to be uploaded in a specific format only, as specified by the institute’s application portal.
  4. Application fee: A minimal application fee is to be paid online during the submission of the application form. Payment can be done by all online payment modes.
  5. Download admit card: Admit cards are released once all applicants are judged for eligibility. The admit card must be downloaded and printed out to be used on the day of the examination.
  6. Examination: Prepare for the exam as per the syllabus and past papers. Appear for the examination on the date announced.
  7. Results: Results are announced after a couple of weeks of the exam day. If a candidate is successful in qualifying the entrance examinations, they can move on to the next round.
  8. Counseling and admission: Counselling is held for students who have cleared the entrance examinations. The student can now take admission in the BTech Civil Engineering course.


BTech Civil Engineering Entrance Exams

There are a number of examinations held annually for admission into engineering programs. The most popular examination is attempted by lakhs of students in the JEE exam. Details of the most commonly asked for entrance examinations are as follows.

JEE Main

JEE Main examination is conducted by NTA at the national level. It is held in the month of April of each year for admission into undergraduate engineering programs. It is an online examination, conducted over three hours and the paper is of 360 marks.


JEE Advanced

JEE Advanced, previously known as IIT JEE, is the second phase of the JEE Main examination. The conducting agency is IIT Delhi. It is also an online examination that covers physics, chemistry, and mathematics. The duration of the paper is 3 hours.



BITSAT is the engineering entrance examination to BITS Pilani. The online examination is held to fill up over 2,000 seats at the university. It is the second most popular examination after JEE Main. Candidates must have scored an aggregate score of 75% at the 10+2 level with PCM and 60% individually in each of the subjects.


SRMJEEE is the entrance examination conducted by SRM University for admission into its engineering programs. The online and offline format of the exam is attempted by over 1,500,000 students every year. There are five sections, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, English, and Aptitude.

ALERT: The last date to apply for SRMJEE has been extended to July 15, due to COVID-19.


COMEDK is a state-level entrance examination conducted by the Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka. Over 120 institutes offering engineering and architecture undergraduate programs accept the COMEDK score. The paper is held online and is of three hours duration.

The dates of application and examination for the above-mentioned examinations are mentioned in the table below.
ExaminationApplication DateDate of examMode of exam
JEE Main 202024-May-20September 1, 2020 - September 6, 2020Online
JEE Advanced 2020To be announced23-Aug-20Online
BITSAT 202011-May-20August 6, 2020 - August 10, 2020Online
SRMJEE 202015-Jul-20July 30, 2020 - August 4, 2020Online
COMEDK 202017-Jun-201-Aug-20Online

How to Prepare for BTech Civil Engineering Entrance Examinations?

To help candidates prepare better and efficiently for the entrance examinations, the following pointers can be referred to.


  1. Prepare a timetable for studying. Include each topic in every subject and stick to the timetable. This will ensure the entire syllabus is covered at least once. Allocate time daily to studies.
  2. Clear up the basics. The basics will form the base for the more advanced chapters later on. A strong understanding of the basics will be useful.
  3. Practice, practice, practice. Engineering entrance examinations are all about practice. Take mocks and attempt as many as sample papers as possible.
  4. Allocate time separately for the more difficult topics. If needed, approach a teacher or a tutor to help go over the topics again.
  5. Many toppers recommend depending on the NCERT books of the 10+2 levels. One must be thoroughly clear with the school books before purchasing more books.


How to Get Admission in a Good BTech Civil Engineering College?

To secure admission into a top-ranking BTech Civil engineering college, a number of factors come into play. Some of the following tips will be helpful in that regard.


  1. Be aware of the types of questions and the difficulty level of the questions asked in different entrance exams. Some papers are comparatively easier to attempt than the others. This will help in better preparation.
  2. Since questions are asked from the syllabus covered at the 10+2 level of schooling, going over the material and notes would be sufficient. Revision of all basic concepts must be done.
  3. Some papers have an English section and an Aptitude section. Preparation for these sections can be by practicing past papers.
  4. Be aware of all dates and deadlines. Examination application dates, exam dates, etc. are changed and advertised in all major newspapers. It is important to keep track of any such news.
  5. Take a look at the daily news and affairs of the world regularly. Keeping up to date with the news will help in preparation for the exam and counseling round but also act as a break from studying.
What is BTech Civil Engineering Eligibility?

What is BTech Civil Engineering Eligibility?

The eligibility criteria for BTech Civil Engineering aspirants are not complicated and are as follows. It must be noted that the eligibility criteria will differ from institute to institute.


  1. Candidates must have cleared their 10+2 level examinations with physics, chemistry and mathematics subjects.
  2. The qualifying aggregate score required in 10+2 levels is at least 50% and above.
  3. Candidates who have a diploma in mechanical or in allied sciences, done after class 10th, are also eligible for admission.
The subjects taught for BTech Civil Engineering are almost similar in most of the engineering colleges. The syllabus for the entire B. Tech Civil Engineering course is as follows.
Semester 1Semester 2
Functions of Several VariablesSeries and Matrices
Physics IPhysics II
Physics Lab. 1Engg Mechanics
Intro to Civil Engg.Chemistry I
Intro to ProgrammingChemistry Lab.
Engg. DrawingCE Materials and Construction
Ecology and EnvironmentLife Skills II
Life Skills I-
Semester 3Semester 4
Math. 3Structural Analysis
Mechanics of MaterialsGeotechnical Engg. 1
Transportation Engg. ITransportation Engg. 2
Hydraulic Engg.Environmental Engg.
SurveyingScience Electives (Maths/Physics/Chemistry)
-Humanities Elec. 1
Semester 5Semester 6
Life SciencesBasic Steel Design
Geotechnical Engg. 2Construction Project Management
Water Resources Engg.Humanities Elective 2
Basic RC Design-
Hydraulic & Environ. Engg. Lab.-
Construction Material Lab-
Semester 7Semester 8
Humanities Elective 3Professional Ethics

The top colleges teaching BTech Civil Engineering are divided into two categories- The Government colleges and Private Colleges.


BTech Civil Engineering Top Government College

The top ten engineering colleges offering BTech Civil Engineering programs at the undergraduate level, as per NIRF’s 2020 Engineering Ranking list are as below.

NIRF Rank, 2020College NameCityAverage Annual Fees (in INR)Average Placement Package
1Indian Institute of TechnologyMadrasINR 75,116INR 10,00,000
2Indian Institute of TechnologyDelhiINR 2,24,900INR 15,70,000
3Indian Institute of TechnologyBombayINR 2,11,400INR 11,78,000
4Indian Institute of TechnologyKanpurINR 2,15,600INR 14,70,000
5Indian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurINR 82,070INR 14,20,000
6Indian Institute of TechnologyRoorkeeINR 2,21,700INR 14,50,000
7Indian Institute of TechnologyGuwahatiINR 2,19,350INR 15,00,000. 
8Indian Institute of TechnologyHyderabadINR 2,22,995INR 12,00,000
9National Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliINR 1,61,250INR 9,00,000
10Indian Institute of TechnologyIndoreINR 2,33,900INR 10,00,000.
Top Private Colleges that offer BTech Civil Engineering Course according to NIRF Rankings along with the location and fees.
NIRF Engineering College RankingsCollege NameLocationFirst Year Fees (INR)
15Vellore Institute of TechnologyVellore, Tamil Nadu1,98,000
20Amrita School of EngineeringAmritapuri, Kerala3,10,000
29Thapar Institute of Engineering & TechnologyPatiala, Punjab3,25,000
32Amity UniversityGautam Budh Nagar, Noida3,11,000
37Shanmugha Arts Science Technology & Research Academy (SASTRA)Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu1,47,000
38Birla Institute of TechnologyRanchi2,87,000
41S. R. M. Institute of Science and TechnologyChennai2,60,000
42Kalinga Institute of Industrial TechnologyBhubaneswar4,29,000
44SSN College of EngineeringKancheepuram, Tamil Nadu50,000
45Manipal Institute of TechnologyManipal, Karnataka3,35,000
To help decide between engineering colleges to take admission in, the top three in the civil engineering category have been compared below.
ParametersIIT MadrasIIT DelhiIIT Bombay
OverviewIndian Institute of Technology, Madras is the best public technical university in India. It has been considered as an Institute of National Importance.IIT Delhi is a public university that is counted among the top 5 technical institutes in India. It has been educating students since 196.Founded in 1958, IIT Bombay or IITB is ranked among the top 5 technical universities in India.
Average FeeINR 75,116INR 2,24,900INR 2,11,400
Average Placement PackageINR 10,00,000INR 15,70,000INR 11,78,000
Top RecruitersABB India, Airbus Engineering Centre India Pvt. Ltd., Altair Engineering Pvt. Ltd., ASC Infrastructure, etc.AFCONS Infrastructures LTD., Alstom Transport India Ltd., Applied Materials, A.M. Marketplaces Pvt. Ltd.ABPS Infrastructure Advisory, Ambica Steels Ltd., Applied Materials, Ashok Leyland, etc.

Why Study BTech Civil Engineering?

The reasons to study BTech Civil Engineering will differ from candidate to candidate. Some of the reasons why most choose this field of study has been elaborated below.


  1. Reputed profession: Civil engineering is a high demand field where skilled graduates are able to find open job positions immediately. It is one of the oldest and most reputable engineering divisions. Any student with the passion to excel in the field will find success soon.
  2. High pay: Average packages for BTech Civil Engineering graduates are on the higher side for both private and public organizations. The work of a civil engineer involves initiating, planning, overlooking, and completing public infrastructure projects. Given the scale of work, the pay is also on the higher side.
  3. Career opportunities: A civil engineer is able to pursue a diverse array of career opportunities. There is no limit to educational programs one can choose. From law, management to competitive examinations to get employed in Government organizations, the sky’s the limit.
The specialisations of BTech Civil Engineering can e made into three parts. The 3 main specialisations of BTech Civil Engineering are mentioned below along with the average course fee and average placement package.
SpecialisationDescriptionAverage Course Fee (INR)Average Placement Package (INR)
Structural EngineeringStructural Engineering is responsible for creating stable and environmentally safe structures while keeping in mind the rigidity, strength, etc. of the structure. 1,50,0003,30,000
Transportation EngineeringA civil engineer that works on the building and construction of safe and stable transportation systems is a transportation engineer. From conception, planning, design, and operation, etc. is handled by the transportation engineer. They work on airways, railway, ports, harbors, etc.1,50,0004,60,000
Construction EngineerConstruction Engineering is a civil engineer that designs, manages, and overlooks projects in the construction industry. The range of projects includes sewage systems, railways, roadways, mechanical, electrical projects, etc.1,30,0005,30,000

BTech Civil Engineering is a course that might be similar to many courses. The comparisons are mentioned below that will enable the students to understand the difference and similarities between the courses. 

BE Civil Engineering vs. BTech Civil Engineering

The course comparison between BE Civil Engineering and BTech Civil Engineering is as follows.

ParametersBE Civil EngineeringBTech Civil Engineering
Duration4 years4 years
Focus AreaIt is a theory-oriented course and deals with the study of structures like buildings, bridges, roads, dams, canals, etc. The course is usually offered by public institutes.It is an application and skill-based course that deals with the study of creating structures like buildings, bridges, roads, dams, canals, etc. It is usually offered by universities, both public and private.
Admission CriteriaState or national level entrance examination.State-level or national level entrance examination score.
Eligibility Criteria10+2 with at least 60% aggregate score with PCM subjects.10+2 with at least 60% aggregate score with PCM subjects.
Average Course FeesINR 1,00,000 to INR 6,00,000INR 2,00,000 to INR 6,00,000
Job OptionsCivil Engineer, Architect, Technical Officer, Manager, Business analyst, Assistant Executive Engineer, etcCivil Engineer, Transportation Engineer, Water Resource Engineer, Structural Engineer, Environmental Engineers, Civil Engineering Technicians, etc
Areas of EmploymentCivil Engineering companies, Water resources, Engineering Transportation companies, Tunnel Engineering companiesIrrigation companies, construction, and structural engineering companies, land development, urban development, etc.
Average Placement PackageINR 3,00,000 to INR 7,80,000INR 3,00,000 to INR 5,00,000

A comparison between B. Tech. Civil Engineering and BTech Structural Engineering has been put in a table below.

ParametersBTech Structural EngineeringBTech Civil Engineering
OverviewIt is a field of civil engineering that works on the design and build-up of structures.It is a field that works on large scale infrastructure projects.
Focus AreaFocus is on practical applicationsFocus is also on practical applications along with theoretical knowledge
Admission CriteriaAdmission is through an entrance examination qualifying score and a round of counseling.Students are admitted on the basis of a national or state level entrance examination score.
Eligibility Criteria10+2 pass out with PCM and 50% aggregate scoreCandidates must be 10+2 pass out with PCM subjects with at least 60% aggregate score.
Average Course FeesINR 1,50,000INR 2,00,000 to INR 6,00,000
Areas of EmploymentBuilding construction, pipelines and bridge construction, etc.Irrigation companies, construction, and structural engineering companies, land development, urban development, etc.
Job OptionsPlanning Engineer, Assistant Engineer, Project Engineer, Site Engineer, etcCivil Engineer, Transportation Engineer, Water Resource Engineer, Structural Engineer, Environmental Engineers, Civil Engineering Technicians, etc
Average Placement PackageINR 3,30,000INR 3,00,000 to INR 5,00,000

The graduates can prefer to do jobs after completion of BTech Civil Engineering or can go for higher studies. The most popular choices of education post completing a BTech Civil Engineering degree are as follows.


M.Tech: If one wishes to continue in the same field of education, the first program of choice is a MTech Civil Engineering. It is a two-year course and the eligibility criteria include having a BE or BTech in Civil Engineering. This is one of the most popular masters engineering programs and admissions are highly competitive.


MBA: Many engineering graduates choose to go for the management route by choosing to study for a PGDM or MBA program. Admissions are done through a national level entrance examination. Having a BTech Civil Engineering degree together with an MBA in a specialization of choice is highly advantageous and many organizations actively search for such candidates.


Check Out : Top MBA Colleges and PGDM Colleges in India.


Competitive examinations: Another route that graduates can opt to go for is to prepare for competitive examinations. Examinations that are meant for job opportunities in Government sector organizations are most popular. Jobs are secure with assured high pay and regular increments.

The civil engineering field has limited job opportunities as compared to fields like IT or software. Civil engineers are hired in many different sectors of the industry from oil and energy, petroleum to chemical and power facilities, etc. Some engineers are also able to secure jobs in sectors like banking, consulting, and software, etc.


Some of the most common job profiles that a BTech civil engineer student is hired for are mentioned in the table below, along with job description and salary package.

Name of Job ProfileJob Description The average salary
Civil EngineerCivil Engineers are responsible for designing, planning, construction, supervision, maintenance, etc. of infrastructure projects like roads, dams, bridges, etc.INR 3,10,771
Transportation EngineerA transportation engineer is tasked with the design, building, and maintenance of transport systems and projects like airports, railways, highways, etc.INR 4,64,516
Water Resource EngineerWater resources engineers manage and design new systems of human water resources. They work on underground wells, springs, water treatment facilities, etc.INR 6,65,000 .
Structural EngineerStructural engineers are responsible for creating structures that can withstand stress due to human use or environmental damage. From using the correct construction material to ensuring the structural soundness of the buildings, it is up to the structural engineer.INR 4,97,089 
Environmental EngineersEnvironmental engineers are responsible for managing projects for environmental safety and protection like air pollution control systems, water reclamation systems.INR 4,53,044
Civil Engineering TechniciansThe duties of a civil engineering technician are similar to that of a civil engineer. They conceive, design, construct, and maintain infrastructure projects.INR 3,00,000
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