Table of Contents

ToggleCandidates are advised to prepare for the examination in accordance with the officially designated syllabus. The syllabus for JEE Advanced encompasses the subjects of Chemistry, Mathematics, and Physics.

Below is the comprehensive syllabus for JEE Advanced 2025, which candidates may utilize to guide their preparation efforts.

**Chemistry**

The syllabus for the Chemistry subject is categorized into three sections. The detailed syllabus is outlined as follows:

**General Topics**

This section includes the concept of atoms and molecules, Dalton’s atomic theory, the mole concept, chemical formulae, balanced chemical equations, and calculations based on the mole concept and stoichiometry. It also covers common oxidation-reduction, neutralization, and displacement reactions, as well as concentration expressed in terms of mole fraction, molarity, molality, and normality.

**States of Matter: Gases and Liquids**

This part addresses gas laws and the ideal gas equation, the absolute temperature scale, deviations from ideal behavior, and the van der Waals equation. It includes the kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square, and most probable velocities, along with their relationship to temperature. Additionally, it discusses the law of partial pressures, gas diffusion, and intermolecular interactions, including their types, distance dependence, and effects on properties. For liquids, topics such as vapor pressure, surface tension, and viscosity are examined.

**Atomic Structure**

This section covers the Bohr model and the spectrum of the hydrogen atom, wave-particle duality, the de Broglie hypothesis, and the uncertainty principle. It provides a qualitative quantum mechanical perspective of the hydrogen atom, including energy levels, quantum numbers, wave functions, and probability density (with plots only), as well as the shapes of s, p, and d orbitals. The Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle, and Hund’s rule are also included.

**Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure**

This part discusses orbital overlap and covalent bonding, hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals, and molecular orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species (up to Ne2). It also addresses hydrogen bonding, molecular polarity, dipole moments, and the VSEPR model, detailing the shapes of various molecular geometries, including linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal, tetrahedral, and octahedral configurations

**Chemical Thermodynamics **

Chemical Thermodynamics encompasses the study of intensive and extensive properties, state functions, and the First Law of Thermodynamics, which includes concepts such as internal energy, work (specifically pressure-volume work), and heat. It further explores enthalpy, heat capacity, standard states, and Hess’s Law, along with the enthalpy changes associated with reactions, fusion, vaporization, and lattice enthalpy. The Second Law of Thermodynamics introduces the concept of entropy and Gibbs energy, which are essential for understanding the criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity in chemical processes.

**Chemical and Ionic Equilibrium**

Chemical and Ionic Equilibrium involves the Law of Mass Action and the importance of equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and reaction quotients in establishing chemical equilibrium. It also examines Le Chatelier’s Principle, which describes the effects of concentration, temperature, and pressure on equilibrium. Additionally, the solubility product and its applications, the common ion effect, pH, and buffer solutions are discussed. The concepts of acids and bases are analyzed through the Bronsted and Lewis theories, along with the hydrolysis of salts.

**Electrochemistry **

**Electrochemistry**

Electrochemistry focuses on electrochemical cells and their reactions, standard electrode potentials, and the work produced in electrochemical processes, including the Nernst equation. It covers the electrochemical series and the electromotive force (emf) of galvanic cells, as well as Faraday’s laws of electrolysis. The study of electrolytic conductance includes specific, equivalent, and molar conductivity, along with Kohlrausch’s law. Furthermore, it addresses the types of batteries, including primary and secondary batteries, fuel cells, and the phenomenon of corrosion.

**Chemical Kinetics **

**Chemical Kinetics**

Chemical Kinetics examines the rates of chemical reactions, distinguishing between order and molecularity. It delves into the rate law, rate constant, and half-life, providing differential and integrated rate expressions for zero and first-order reactions. The temperature dependence of the rate constant is described by the Arrhenius equation and activation energy. Catalysis is also a key topic, covering both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, the activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, and the mechanisms of enzyme catalysis.

**Solid State **

**Solid State**

The Solid State section classifies solids and discusses the crystalline state, including the seven crystal systems characterized by cell parameters (a, b, c, α, β, γ). It explores close-packed structures in solids, specifically cubic and hexagonal arrangements, and the packing in face-centered cubic (fcc), body-centered cubic (bcc), and hexagonal close-packed (hcp)

**Surface Chemistry**

**Surface Chemistry**

Fundamental principles of adsorption: Physisorption and Chemisorption, Freundlich adsorption isotherm; Colloids: classifications, preparation techniques, and general characteristics; Basic concepts of emulsions, surfactants, and micelles (including definitions and examples only).

**Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties**

**Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties**

The modern periodic law and the current structure of the periodic table; electronic configurations of elements; periodic variations in atomic radius, ionic radius, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, electronegativity, and chemical reactivity.

**Hydrogen**

**Hydrogen**

The placement of hydrogen within the periodic table, its occurrence, isotopes, methods of preparation, properties, and applications; types of hydrides – ionic, covalent, and interstitial; physical and chemical characteristics of water and heavy water; hydrogen peroxide – methods of preparation, reactions, applications, and structure; hydrogen as an energy source.

**S-Block Elements**

**S-Block Elements**

Reactivity of alkali and alkaline earth metals with air, water, dihydrogen, halogens, and acids; their reducing properties, including solutions in liquid ammonia; applications of these elements; general properties of their oxides, hydroxides, halides, and salts of oxoacids; the exceptional behavior of lithium and beryllium; preparation, properties, and applications of sodium compounds (sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, sodium hydrogen carbonate) and calcium compounds (calcium oxide, calcium hydroxide, calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate).

**P-Block Elements**

**P-Block Elements**

The oxidation states and trends in the chemical reactivity of elements in groups 13 to 17 are noteworthy, particularly the unique properties exhibited by boron, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and fluorine in comparison to other elements within their respective groups.

**Group 13:** This group demonstrates reactivity with acids, alkalis, and halogens. Key compounds include borax, orthoboric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and various alums, alongside the applications of boron and aluminium.

**Group 14:** Elements in this group react with water and halogens. Carbon exists in various allotropes, each with distinct applications. Additionally, the preparation, properties, and uses of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, silicon dioxide, silicones, silicates, and zeolites are significant.

**Group 15:** The reactivity of this group towards hydrogen, oxygen, and halogens is essential. Phosphorus also has several allotropes. Important compounds include dinitrogen, ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine, phosphorus trichloride, and phosphorus pentachloride, along with the oxides of nitrogen and oxoacids of phosphorus.

**Group 16:** Elements in this group react with hydrogen, oxygen, and halogens, producing simple oxides. Sulphur has various allotropes, and the preparation, properties, and uses of dioxygen, ozone, sulphur dioxide, and sulfuric acid are critical, as are the oxoacids of sulphur.

**Group 17:** This group shows reactivity with hydrogen, oxygen, and metals. The preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine, hydrogen chloride, and interhalogen compounds are significant, along with the oxoacids of halogens and bleaching powder.

**Group 18:** The chemical properties and applications of this group are notable, particularly the compounds of xenon with fluorine and oxygen.

**D-Block Elements**

**D-Block Elements**

The oxidation states and their stability, standard electrode potentials, interstitial compounds, alloys, catalytic properties, and applications are key aspects. The preparation, structure, and reactions of oxoanions of chromium and manganese are also important.

**F-Block Elements**

**F-Block Elements**

The lanthanoid and actinoid contractions, oxidation states, and general characteristics are significant features of this block.

**Coordination Compounds**

**Coordination Compounds**

The theory proposed by Werner; nomenclature, cis-trans and ionization isomerism, hybridization, and geometries (linear, tetrahedral, square planar, and octahedral) of mononuclear coordination compounds; bonding theories (Valence Bond Theory and Crystal Field Theory for octahedral and tetrahedral fields); magnetic properties (spin-only) and coloration of 3d-series coordination compounds; ligands and the spectrochemical series; stability; significance and applications; metal carbonyls.

* Isolation of Metals*

*Isolation of Metals*

Metal ores and their concentration; the process of extracting crude metal from concentrated ores: thermodynamic principles (iron, copper, zinc) and electrochemical principles (aluminium) in metallurgy; cyanide process for silver and gold; refining techniques.

** Principles of Qualitative Analysis**

**Principles of Qualitative Analysis**

Groups I to V (including only Ag+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+, and Mg2+); nitrates, halides (excluding fluoride), carbonates and bicarbonates, sulfates, and sulfides.

**Environmental Chemistry**

**Environmental Chemistry**

Pollution of the atmosphere; water pollution; soil contamination; industrial waste management; strategies for controlling environmental pollution; principles of green chemistry.

**Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry**

**Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry**

Hybridization of carbon; sigma and pi bonds; geometrical shapes of simple organic molecules; concepts of aromaticity; structural and geometrical isomerism; stereoisomers and stereochemical relationships (enantiomers, diastereomers, meso) in compounds with up to two asymmetric centers (excluding R,S and E,Z configurations); determination of empirical and molecular formulas of simple compounds using the combustion method; IUPAC nomenclature for organic molecules (hydrocarbons, including simple cyclic hydrocarbons and their mono-functional and bi-functional derivatives); effects of hydrogen bonding; inductive, resonance, and hyperconjugative effects; acidity and basicity of organic compounds; reactive intermediates formed during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage; formation, structure, and stability of carbocations, carbanions, and free radicals.

**Alkanes**

**Alkanes**

This category encompasses a homologous series characterized by their physical properties, including melting points, boiling points, and density, as well as the influence of branching on these properties. The conformations of ethane and butane are represented through Newman projections. Alkanes can be synthesized from alkyl halides and aliphatic carboxylic acids. Their reactions include combustion, halogenation (with a focus on allylic and benzylic halogenation), and oxidation.

**Alkenes and Alkynes**

**Alkenes and Alkynes**

The physical properties of alkenes and alkynes include boiling points, density, and dipole moments. These compounds can be prepared through elimination reactions and undergo acid-catalyzed hydration, although the stereochemistry of addition and elimination is not considered. Metal acetylides are also relevant in this context. Key reactions include the interaction of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone, as well as the reduction of both alkenes and alkynes. Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with halogens (X2), hydrogen halides (HX), and hypohalous acids (HOX) are significant, along with the effect of peroxides on these addition reactions and the cyclic polymerization of alkynes.

**Benzene**

**Benzene**

Benzene is defined by its structure and undergoes electrophilic substitution reactions, including halogenation, nitration, sulfonation, and Friedel-Crafts reactions (both alkylation and acylation). The influence of directing groups in monosubstituted benzene on these reactions is also noteworthy.

**Phenols**

**Phenols**

The physical properties of phenols are essential, along with their preparation methods. Electrophilic substitution reactions involving phenol include halogenation, nitration, and sulfonation. Additional reactions of interest are the Reimer-Tiemann reaction, Kolbe reaction, esterification, etherification, and the synthesis of aspirin. Furthermore, phenols can undergo oxidation and reduction reactions.

**Alkyl Halides**

**Alkyl Halides**

Alkyl halides are involved in rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocations and Grignard reactions. They also participate in nucleophilic substitution reactions, which have important stereochemical implications.

**Alcohols**

Alcohols exhibit distinct physical properties and undergo various reactions, including esterification and dehydration, which lead to the formation of alkenes and ethers. They also react with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2 in conjunction with concentrated HCl, and thionyl chloride. Furthermore, alcohols can be converted into aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids.

**Ethers **

**Ethers**

Ethers are synthesized through Williamson’s method and can undergo reactions that involve the cleavage of the C-O bond.

**Aldehydes and Ketones **

**Aldehydes and Ketones**

Aldehydes and ketones can be prepared from acid chlorides and nitriles, as well as from esters. Benzaldehyde can be derived from toluene and benzene. Their reactions include oxidation, reduction, and the formation of oximes and hydrazones. Additionally, they participate in aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reactions, haloform reactions, and nucleophilic addition reactions with RMgX, NaHSO3, HCN, alcohols, and amines.

**Carboxylic Acids **

**Carboxylic Acids**

Carboxylic acids possess specific physical properties and can be prepared from nitriles, Grignard reagents, and through the hydrolysis of esters and amides. The synthesis of benzoic acid from alkylbenzenes is also notable. Their reactions encompass reduction, halogenation, and the formation of esters, acid chlorides, and amides.

**Amines **

**Amines**

Amines are synthesized from nitro compounds, nitriles, and amides. Their reactions include Hoffmann bromamide degradation and Gabriel phthalimide synthesis. Amines also react with nitrous acid and participate in azo coupling reactions involving diazonium salts of aromatic amines. Furthermore, they undergo Sandmeyer and related reactions, the carbylamine reaction, the Hinsberg test, and various alkylation and acylation reactions.

**Haloarenes **

**Haloarenes**

Haloarenes engage in reactions such as Fittig and Wurtz-Fittig, as well as nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and their substituted derivatives, excluding the benzyne mechanism and cine substitution.

**Biomolecules**

**Biomolecules**

**Carbohydrates: **Categories; Monosaccharides and disaccharides (such as glucose and sucrose); Oxidative processes; Reduction reactions; Formation of glycosides and hydrolysis of disaccharides (including sucrose, maltose, and lactose); Anomeric forms.

**Proteins:** Composition of amino acids; Peptide bonds; Structural characteristics of peptides (primary and secondary structures); Classification of proteins (fibrous versus globular).

**Nucleic Acids:** Chemical makeup and structural features of DNA and RNA.

**Polymers**

Polymerization methods (addition and condensation); Homopolymers and copolymers; Natural rubber; Cellulose; Nylon; Teflon; Bakelite; Polyvinyl chloride (PVC); Biodegradable polymers; Uses of polymers.

**Chemistry in Daily Life**

**Chemistry in Daily Life**

Interactions between drugs and targets; Therapeutic effects and examples (without structural details) of antacids, antihistamines, tranquilizers, analgesics, antimicrobials, and contraceptive drugs; Names of artificial sweeteners; Soaps, detergents, and their cleansing properties.

**Practical Organic Chemistry**

**Practical Organic Chemistry**

Element detection (Nitrogen, Sulfur, halogens); Identification and detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (both alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, amino, and nitro groups.

**Mathematics**

**Mathematics**

Sets, Relations, and Functions

This section covers the concept of sets and their various representations, including types such as empty, finite, and infinite sets. It delves into the algebra of sets, exploring operations such as intersection, complement, difference, and symmetric difference, along with their algebraic properties. Additionally, it addresses De Morgan’s laws concerning union, intersection, and difference for a finite number of sets, accompanied by practical applications.

The Cartesian product of finite sets is examined, along with ordered pairs, relations, and the concepts of domain and codomain. The notion of equivalence relations is also introduced.

Functions are defined as a specific type of relation, characterized as mappings with a focus on domain, codomain, and range. The discussion includes invertible functions, as well as classifications such as even and odd functions, and the distinctions between into, onto, and one-to-one functions. Special functions are highlighted, including polynomial, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, power, absolute value, and greatest integer functions. The section concludes with an exploration of the sum, difference, product, and composition of functions.

**Algebra**

**Algebra**

This segment addresses the algebra of complex numbers, covering operations such as addition, multiplication, and conjugation, as well as polar representation. It discusses the properties of modulus and principal argument, the triangle inequality, and the cube roots of unity, providing geometric interpretations.

The fundamental theorem of algebra is stated, alongside a discussion of quadratic equations with real coefficients, including the relationships between roots and coefficients, and the formation of quadratic equations given specific roots. Symmetric functions of roots are also examined.

The study of arithmetic and geometric progressions is included, focusing on arithmetic and geometric means, the sums of finite progressions, and infinite geometric series. It also covers the sum of the first n natural numbers, as well as the sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers.

Finally, the properties of logarithms are explored, along with permutations and combinations, the binomial theorem for positive integral indices, and the properties of binomial coefficients.

**Matrices**

**Matrices**

Matrices are defined as rectangular arrays composed of real numbers. This section covers the equality of matrices, operations such as addition and scalar multiplication, as well as the product of matrices. It also includes the transpose of a matrix, elementary transformations of rows and columns, and the calculation of the determinant for square matrices of order up to three. Additionally, it addresses the adjoint and inverse of square matrices of the same order, along with the properties associated with these matrix operations. The discussion extends to diagonal, symmetric, and skew-symmetric matrices, including their respective properties, and concludes with methods for solving simultaneous linear equations involving two or three variables.

**Probability and Statistics**

**Probability and Statistics**

This section introduces the concept of a random experiment and the associated sample space, detailing various types of events such as impossible, simple, and compound events. It elaborates on the addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability, and the independence of events. Furthermore, it covers the total probability and Bayes’ Theorem, along with the computation of event probabilities utilizing permutations and combinations.

The measures of central tendency and dispersion are also examined, including mean, median, mode, mean deviation, standard deviation, and variance for both grouped and ungrouped data. An analysis of frequency distributions with identical means but differing variances is included, as well as the concepts of random variables, along with their mean and variance.

**Trigonometry**

**Trigonometry**

This section focuses on trigonometric functions, their periodic nature, and graphical representations. It includes addition and subtraction formulas, as well as formulas for multiple and sub-multiple angles, and the general solutions for trigonometric equations.

Additionally, it addresses inverse trigonometric functions, specifically their principal values and fundamental properties.

**Analytical Geometry**

**Analytical Geometry**

Analytical Geometry encompasses the study of two-dimensional space, focusing on Cartesian coordinates, the calculation of distances between points, section formulas, and the concept of shifting the origin.

It includes the formulation of straight lines in various representations, the determination of angles between lines, and the distance from a point to a line. Additionally, it covers lines that pass through the intersection of two given lines, the equation of the angle bisector between two lines, and the concurrency of lines. Key points of interest in triangles such as the centroid, orthocenter, incenter, and circumcenter are also examined.

The study extends to the equations of circles in different forms, including those for tangents, normals, and chords. It addresses parametric equations of circles, the intersection of circles with straight lines or other circles, and the equation of a circle that passes through the intersection points of two circles or a circle and a line.

Furthermore, it includes the equations of conic sections such as parabolas, ellipses, and hyperbolas in their standard forms, along with their respective foci, directrices, eccentricities, parametric equations, and equations for tangents and normals.

Locus problems are also a significant aspect of this field.

**Differential Calculus **

**Differential Calculus**

In three-dimensional geometry, the focus shifts to the distance between points, direction cosines and ratios, the equation of a straight line in space, skew lines, and the shortest distance between two lines. It also includes the equation of a plane, the distance from a point to a plane, and the angles between lines, planes, and between a line and a plane, as well as the concept of coplanar lines.

Differential Calculus involves the exploration of the limit of a function at a real number, the continuity of functions, and the limits and continuity of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions, including L’Hospital’s rule for evaluating limits.

It further investigates the continuity of composite functions and the intermediate value property of continuous functions.

The derivative of a function is a key focus, including the derivatives of sums, differences, products, and quotients of functions, the chain rule, and the derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions.

The study of tangents and normals, the analysis of increasing and decreasing functions, second-order derivatives, and the identification of maximum and minimum values of a function are essential concepts. Additionally, Rolle’s theorem and Lagrange’s mean value theorem, along with their geometric interpretations, are significant. The examination of second-order derivatives of implicit functions and the geometric interpretation of these derivatives also play a crucial role.

In the realm of Integral Calculus, integration is recognized as the inverse operation of differentiation. This includes the evaluation of indefinite integrals of standard functions and the understanding of definite integrals as limits of sums. The properties of definite integrals and the fundamental theorem of integral calculus are also key components.

Methods such as integration by parts, substitution, and partial fractions are employed, along with the application of definite integrals to calculate areas enclosed by simple curves. The formation of ordinary differential equations, the resolution of homogeneous first-order differential equations, the separation of variables method, and linear first-order differential equations are also explored.

In the field of Vectors, the operations of vector addition, scalar multiplication, dot and cross products, as well as scalar and vector triple products, are examined alongside their geometric interpretations.

In Physics, the focus is on general units and dimensions, dimensional analysis, least count, and significant figures. The methods of measurement and error analysis are applied to various physical experiments, including those utilizing Vernier calipers and screw gauges (micrometers), the determination of the simple pendulum’s properties, Young’s modulus related to material elasticity, and the surface tension of water through capillary rise and the effects of detergents. Additional experiments include measuring the specific heat of a liquid using a calorimeter, determining the focal lengths of concave mirrors and convex lenses via the u-v method, assessing the speed of sound using a resonance column, verifying Ohm’s law with voltmeters and ammeters, and calculating the specific resistance of wire material using a meter bridge and post office box.

Mechanics encompasses the study of kinematics in both one and two dimensions, specifically within Cartesian coordinates, as well as the behavior of projectiles. It includes the analysis of uniform circular motion and the concept of relative velocity.

The principles of Newton’s laws of motion are fundamental, addressing inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference. Key topics include static and dynamic friction, kinetic and potential energy, work and power, and the conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy.

The examination of systems of particles involves understanding the center of mass and its motion, impulse, and the dynamics of elastic and inelastic collisions.

In the realm of rigid body dynamics, one must consider the moment of inertia, applying the parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, and calculating the moment of inertia for uniform bodies with simple geometric shapes. Angular momentum, torque, and the conservation of angular momentum are critical concepts, alongside the dynamics of rigid bodies with a fixed axis of rotation. The study also includes the rolling motion of rings, cylinders, and spheres, as well as the equilibrium of rigid bodies and the interactions between point masses and rigid bodies. Additionally, forced and damped oscillations in one dimension, along with resonance phenomena, are explored.

Linear and angular simple harmonic motions are also significant areas of study, alongside Hooke’s law and Young’s modulus.

The law of gravitation is examined, including gravitational potential and fields, the acceleration due to gravity, Kepler’s laws, geostationary orbits, and the motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits, culminating in the concept of escape velocity.

Fluid mechanics covers pressure in fluids, Pascal’s law, buoyancy, surface energy, surface tension, contact angles, and phenomena such as drops, bubbles, and capillary rise. Viscosity is discussed, excluding Poiseuille’s equation, along with the modulus of rigidity and bulk modulus in mechanics. Stoke’s law, terminal velocity, streamline flow, the equation of continuity, and Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications are also integral to this field.

Wave motion is addressed, focusing on plane waves, both longitudinal and transverse, and the superposition of waves. The study includes progressive and stationary waves, the vibration of strings and air columns, resonance, beats, the speed of sound in gases, and the Doppler effect as it pertains to sound.

Thermal Physics

The study of thermal expansion in solids, liquids, and gases; principles of calorimetry and latent heat; one-dimensional heat conduction; fundamental concepts of convection and radiation; Newton’s law of cooling; ideal gas laws; specific heats (Cv and Cp for both monatomic and diatomic gases); isothermal and adiabatic processes, along with the bulk modulus of gases; the equivalence of heat and work; the first law of thermodynamics and its applications (restricted to ideal gases); the second law of thermodynamics, including reversible and irreversible processes, the Carnot engine, and its efficiency; blackbody radiation, encompassing absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff’s law; Wien’s displacement law; and Stefan’s law.

Electricity and Magnetism

Coulomb’s law; the concepts of electric field and potential; the electrical potential energy associated with a system of point charges and electrical dipoles within a uniform electrostatic field; the representation of electric field lines; the flux of electric fields; Gauss’s law and its applications in straightforward scenarios, such as determining the field produced by an infinitely long straight wire, a uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and a uniformly charged thin spherical shell.

Capacitance; the behavior of parallel plate capacitors with and without dielectrics; the arrangement of capacitors in series and parallel; and the energy stored within a capacitor.

Electric current; Ohm’s law; configurations of resistances and cells in series and parallel; Kirchhoff’s laws and their basic applications; and the heating effect of electric current.

Biot–Savart’s law and Ampere’s law; the magnetic field surrounding a current-carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil, and within a long straight solenoid; the force experienced by a moving charge and a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field.

The magnetic moment of a current loop; the influence of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; and the operation of moving coil galvanometers, voltmeters, ammeters, and their conversions.

Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law; self and mutual inductance; and the analysis of RC, LR, LC, and LCR circuits in series with both direct current (d.c.) and alternating current (a.c.) sources.

Electromagnetic Waves

This section covers the characteristics of electromagnetic waves and the electromagnetic spectrum, which includes radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet light, X-rays, and gamma rays, along with fundamental information regarding their applications.

Optics

This topic addresses the rectilinear propagation of light, as well as the phenomena of reflection and refraction occurring at both plane and spherical surfaces. It also includes discussions on total internal reflection, the deviation and dispersion of light through a prism, the properties of thin lenses, the combinations of mirrors and thin lenses, and the concept of magnification.

The wave nature of light is explored through Huygen’s principle and the phenomenon of interference, particularly as demonstrated in Young’s double-slit experiment.

Additionally, diffraction resulting from a single slit is examined, along with the polarization of light, including plane polarized light, Brewster’s law, and the use of Polaroids.

Modern Physics

This section delves into the atomic nucleus and the types of radiation: alpha (α), beta (β), and gamma (γ). It covers the law of radioactive decay, the decay constant, half-life, and mean life, as well as binding energy and its calculation. The processes of fission and fusion are discussed, including energy calculations associated with these processes. The photoelectric effect, Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms, the characteristics of X-rays, continuous X-rays, Moseley’s law, and the de Broglie wavelength of matter waves are also included.

Syllabus – Architecture Aptitude Test

Freehand Drawing:

This component involves creating simple drawings that accurately represent the overall object in its correct form and proportions, including surface texture, relative positioning, and details of its components at an appropriate scale. The focus will be on common domestic objects or items used in daily life, such as furniture and equipment, drawn from memory.

Geometrical Drawing:

This section encompasses exercises focused on geometrical drawing, which includes the representation of lines, angles, quadrilaterals, polygons, triangles, circles, and more. It also involves the study of various views such as the plan (top view) and elevation (front or side views) of basic solid shapes, including prisms, cylinders, cubes, cones, and splayed surface holders.

Three-Dimensional Perception:

This aspect emphasizes the comprehension and appreciation of three-dimensional forms, incorporating elements such as building components, color, volume, and orientation. It involves the ability to visualize by structuring objects mentally.

Imagination and Aesthetic Sensitivity:

This component includes exercises in composition using specified elements, mapping contexts, and assessing creativity through innovative and unconventional tests involving familiar objects. It also focuses on the understanding of color grouping and application.

Architectural Awareness:

This area fosters a general interest and awareness of notable architectural works, both nationally and internationally, as well as the influential figures in the field, including architects and designers.

For any additional inquiries regarding the JEE Advanced Syllabus 2025, please feel free to leave your questions below.