Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Food Technology) - Course Overview

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What is BTech Food Technology?

BTech Food Technology is a 4-year undergraduate course that deals with the study of Food processing, preservation techniques, and applications of food engineering used in the food industry to increase the shelf life of the product.

The basic eligibility to apply for this program is the completion of 10+2 with at least 50 – 60% aggregate in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics from a recognized university. The admission into the BTech food technology course is usually based on entrance examinations. Some of the major and popular entrance exams are like JEE-MainsWBJEEAmity JEE, and many more.

 

There are various government and private colleges that offer this course. The average course fee ranges between INR 40,000 to INR 1.2 Lakhs.

 

The graduates can work as Food technologists, Food production managers, Food safety officers, Sensory evaluators, Technical brewers, Quality control managers, etc with the B.tech Food Tech degree. Their average salary is expected to be around INR 2 lakh to 3.5 lakh per annum. The areas of employment may include food industries, restaurants, distilleries, bakeries, etc. The graduates can also choose to go for higher education after completion of B.tech food Tech. Some of the courses that they can opt for are M.Tech Food technology, M.tech Dairy Technology, MBA, etc.

Key Highlights of BTech Food Technology Course
Full-formBachelor of Technology in Food Technology
Course levelGraduation
Duration4 years
Examination TypeSemester 
Eligibility10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics
Admission ProcessEntrance Exam/ Merit-Based
Course feesINR 40,000 - INR 1.2 Lakhs 
Average starting salaryINR 2-3 Lakhs per annum
Job Options Food technologist, Nutritional therapist, Product/process development scientist, Quality manager, Regulatory affairs officer, Scientific laboratory technician, Technical brewer, Production manager, Purchasing manager, Research scientist (life sciences), Toxicologist, etc.
Top RecruitersDabur India, ITC Limited, Agro Tech Foods, Parle Products Pvt. Ltd., Cadbury India Ltd., Nestle India Pvt. Ltd., PepsiCo India Holdings, Britannia Industries Ltd., Hindustan Unilever Limited, Godrej Industries Limited, etc.

Do I qualify for Btech Food Technology eligibility criteria?

To able to apply for any of the exams or college, the candidates should fulfill the minimum eligibility criteria, that may be:

 

  1. The candidate should have passed 10+2 from a recognized board.
  2. They should have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics in class XII.
  3. They should have scored a minimum mark of at least 60%. Some relaxation is offered to the reserved category.

The admission into the top institutes is usually based on entrance exams. Most of the institutes prefer the scores of the national or state level common entrance exam, whereas the private institutes can conduct their own entrance exam.

 

For admission into the BTech Food Technology courses, they will have to go through the following processes:

 

  1. Apply for national or state level entrance exams, by filling the application form, submitting the required documents, and paying the application fees.
  2. Download the admit card and sit for the entrance exams.
  3. The results of the exams will be announced and a few days later the colleges will release their cut-off.
  4. Check the colleges where you could clear the cut-off and apply for those colleges.
  5. The colleges will then release the merit-list by evaluating the students based on the entrance exams, previous academic scores, and any other extracurricular talents.
  6. The shortlisted students will be called for counseling, to choose their branch of study.
  7. Once they choose the branch, verify their documents, and pay the 1st installment of their tuition fees, they will be admitted to the college.

Most of the colleges consider the scores of the national or state level entrance examinations for admission into BTech food technology courses. There are some private institutes that also conduct their own entrance exams. Some of the entrance exams are mentioned below:

 

JEE-Mains – It is a national level entrance exam conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). The score of this exam is considered by almost every engineering institute. The top 2.5 lakh score holders become eligible to sit for JEE-Advanced and have the chance to get admissions in the IITs and NITs.

 

WBJEE – It is a state-level entrance exam conducted by WBJEE Board. The exam is for admission into undergraduate courses like engineering, architecture, and pharmacy. It offers admission into the colleges available in West Bengal.

 

EAMCET – EAMCET is a state-level entrance exam, conducted by Jawaharlal Nehru Technology University. They offer admission in engineering, agriculture, and medical programs in the colleges available in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana State.

 

UPESEAT – UPES Engineering Aptitude Test is conducted by the University of Petroleum & Energy Studies for admission into its B.Tech courses.

 

AMITY JEE – AMITY JEE is conducted by Amity University for admission into B.Tech courses offered by the university.

Name of the entrance examMode of ExaminationApplication DateDate of Examination
JEE-Mains 2020OnlineMay 19 - May 24, 2020July 18, 2020 - July 23, 2020
WBJEE 2021Offline4th week of December 2020 to 3rd week of January 20213rd week of May 2021
AP-EAMCETOnline February 20, 2020 - July 15, 2020July 27, 2020 - July 31, 2020
TS-EAMCETOnline February 21, 2020 - June 30, 2020July 6 - July 9, 2020
UPESEAT 2020OnlineSeptember 10, 2019, to June 30, 2020July 8- July 12, 2020
AMITY JEEOnlineUp to June 30, 2020To be announced

The students are taught the basics or introduction of physics, chemistry, and engineering subjects in the first year. And in the rest of the semesters, they study the subjects related of food preservation and processing, like food chemistry, food microbiology, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, food quality, processing of fruits & vegetables, milk & milk products, cereals, pulses & oilseeds, meat, fish, & poultry, food plant sanitation, refrigeration & air conditioning, the technology of spices, food packaging, management of food industry waste, etc

 

BTech food technology consists of general introductory studies on Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, and in all engineering branches in the first year. From the second year the start with the subjects related to food processing. The core subjects of the course are given below:

Food BiochemistryBeverage Processing
Food ProcessingCane Sugar Technology
Food MicrobiologyEnzyme Technology
Dairy Plant EngineeringFood Fermentation Technology
Applied Mechanics and Strengths of MaterialsFood Plant Safety and Hazard Analysis
Food and Vegetable ProcessingFood Industry Waste Management
Crop Processing TechnologyManagement of Food processing Industries
Refrigeration and Air ConditioningBakery and Confectionery Technology
Post-harvest Physiology of fruits and vegetablesFood Packaging Technology
Fat and Oil Processing TechnologyFood Plant Layout and Design

There are a number of course studies and Goodreads books that one can refer to for a better understanding of course. Few of those top 5 books are listed below, that one must read:

Name of the BookAuthor’s Name
Food Processing TechnologyP J Fellows
Textbook Of Food Science And TechnologyAvantina Sharma
Introduction to Food EngineeringR Paul Singh, Dennis Heldman
Essentials of Food ScienceVaclavik V A, Springer
Food Preparation and NutritionAnita Tull

There are various areas where the students can specialize like agriculture, bakery, alcohol, cereals, fruits and vegetables, dairy, probiotic products, waste utilization, etc. Some of the specializations have been described below:

 

  • Cereal Processing Technology – It is one of the oldest and most important fields of study in food technology. This deals with the post-harvesting steps to prevent the cereals from getting degraded through microbial contamination, pests, and rain.

Average Course FeesINR 40,000 - INR 1.2 Lakhs
Average Salary PackageINR 1.5 lakhs - INR 4 lakhs

Fruit & Vegetable Technology – This specialization deals with the study of various processes and techniques for the preservation and processing of fruits and vegetables, like freezing, dehydration, etc.

Average Course FeesINR 40,000 - INR 1.2 Lakhs
Average Salary PackageINR 1.75 lakhs - INR 3.5 lakhs

Food Packaging – This specialization deals with the preservation, and maintaining the quality and the appearance of the product. This includes the study of various types of packaging like vacuum packaging, canning, tetra packaging, etc, and also the material used for packaging material that may not react with the food.

Average Course FeesINR 40,000 - INR 1.2 Lakhs
Average Salary PackageINR 1.75 lakhs - INR 3.5 lakhs

Meat and poultry Technology – This is the study of the preservation and processing of meat and meat products. Since they are highly perishable and need proper temperature and additives to increase their shelf life. It includes the techniques to preserve them and the preparation of various forms of meat.

Average Course FeesINR 40,000 - INR 1.2 Lakhs
Average Salary PackageINR 1.75 lakhs - INR 3.5 lakhs

Dairy Technology – This specialization deals with the study of milk and milk products. This includes the processes and techniques involved in the storage, processing, and transportation of milk and milk products.

Average Course FeesINR 40,000 - INR 1.2 Lakhs
Average Salary PackageINR 1.75 lakhs - INR 3.5 lakhs

Some of the top colleges that offer BTech Food Technology are mentioned below:

Name of the College/UniversityAdmission ProcessTotal Tuition FeesAverage Salary Package 
Amity University, NoidaAMITY JEEINR 7.68 LakhsINR 4.5 Lakhs
KL University, VaddeswaramJEE-ADVANCED, AP-EAMCET, and KLUEEEINR 8.8 LakhsINR 6 Lakhs
Kalasalingam Academy of research and Education, SrivilliputturTNEAINR 4.51 LakhsINR 4.5 Lakhs
Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, KatraJEE-MAINS and SMVDUEEINR 5.62 LakhsINR 4 Lakhs
I.K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, KapurthalaMerit-BasedINR 3.23 LakhsINR 4 Lakhs
Rajalakshmi Engineering College, ChennaiTNEAINR 2 LakhsINR 4 Lakhs
Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology, and Research, GunturVSAT, TS-EAMCET, and AP-EAMCETINR 5.4 LakhsINR 4 Lakhs
Kongu Engineering College, PerunduraiTNEAINR 2 LakhsINR 4 Lakhs
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKUT), NadiaWBJEEINR 1.9 LakhsINR 4 Lakhs
University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, DehradunUPESEATINR 10.81 LakhsINR 6.3 Lakhs

The career opportunities for BTech Food technology graduates are enormous. They can get jobs in food industries, restaurants, distilleries, bakeries, etc. They can also get jobs in government organizations like Food Corporation of India, Department of Food and Public Distribution of Government of India, Central Warehousing Corporation, Public Distribution firms, etc.

 

The graduates can work as a Food technologist, Food production manager, Food safety officer, Sensory evaluator, Technical brewer, Quality control manager with the BTech Food Technology degree.

 

Some of the job options along with its description and average salary are mentioned below:

Job OptionsDescriptionAverage Salary Package
Quality Assurance EngineerTheir work is to conduct tests to find out any problem with the raw materials and the final product before the product is released in the market. They also make QA status reports and participate in audits.INR 3.8 Lakhs
Production ManagerThey oversee the operations of the manufacturing plant. They are also responsible for scheduling employees and managing the workload and projects.INR 7.92 Lakhs
Technical BrewerThey are usually required in the breweries or distilleries to handle the production of the beverage by maintaining the temperature, proper fermentation, and maintaining the record of every batch.INR 5.91 Lakhs
Product Development ScientistProduct development scientists are usually required in every industry. Their work is to develop new food items based on customer feedback. They also ensure that the organization meets all the standards and regulations pertaining to sanitation, safety, waste management, and quality standards.INR 3.83 Lakhs
Regulatory Affairs OfficerTheir work is to review internal policies, related to manufacturing, testing, marketing, and reliability of products to ensure that they are safe to use and work as intended.INR 10.81 Lakhs

The food industry is an ever-increasing sector and the requirement of this industry is never going to decrease, because of the population of our country. Therefore the demand for food is always high. The graduates can go for higher studies like;

 

Master of Technology (M.Tech) – Most of the graduates continue to pursue higher studies and go for M.tech in Food Technology or any other specialization like Dairy, Poultry, cereals, etc.

 

Master of Science (MSc) – If the graduates want to leave out the technical part and study entirely on food, they can do MSc in Food Technology, MSc in Dairy Technology, etc.

 

Master of Business Administration (MBA) – The graduates who want to shift themselves into managerial lines can go for MBA and do courses like General MBA in marketing, human resource, and finance or they can also opt for Agri-business Management.

 

 

Graduates can get jobs in both the private and government sectors.

 

  1. They can prepare for government exams like Food safety officers, food inspectors, conducted by every state or job in FSSAI, Food Corporation of India, etc.
  2. In private sectors, they can work in food companies like Nestle, Hindustan Unilever, Amul, ITC, Britannia, etc.

A comparison between BTech Food technology and Bsc Food technology is done based on various parameters that are mentioned below:

ParametersBTech Food TechnologyBSc Food Technology
Full-formBachelors of Technology in Food Technology Bachelors of Science in Food Technology
OverviewIt is the study of various techniques involved in the food industry.It is the study of scientific principles involved in food production and processing.
Course Duration4 years3 years
Eligibility10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
Admission ProcessMerit-based/ Entrance examMerit-based/ Entrance exam
Top entrance exams for admissionJEE-Mains, TNEA, EAMCET, WBJEE, UPSETLPUNEST, SHUATS, etc.
Subjects taught The subjects are usually similar to the topics taught in BSc Food tech. The only difference is, it also includes engineering subjects in the first year of the study. The food quality, nutrition, preservation techniques, processing of fruits & vegetables, milk & milk products, cereals, pulses & oilseeds, meat, fish, & poultry, food plant sanitation, refrigeration & air conditioning, the technology of spices, food packaging, management of food industry waste, etc
Job optionsFood production manager, Food safety officer, Sensory evaluator, Technical brewer, Quality control manager, etcFood technology, Microbiologist, Toxicologist, Food safety officer, Sensory evaluator, etc.
Average Course FeeINR 40,000- INR 1.2 LakhsINR 20,000-60,000
Average salary per annumINR 2-3.5 Lakhs INR 5-8 Lakhs
Areas of EmploymentFood Industry, Food Corporation of India, Department of Food and Public Distribution of Government of India, Central Warehousing Corporation, Public Distribution firms, etcHospitals, Catering Establishments, Restaurants, Rice Mills, Distilleries, Retailers, Food Processing Companies, Food Research Laboratories, Food Wholesaler, Packaging Industries, etc.
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