Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Mechanical Engineering) - Course Overview

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What is BTech Mechanical Engineering?

BTech Mechanical Engineering is a 4 year undergraduate engineering degree course. This course prepares the students to become Mechanical Engineers. 

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering is the branch of engineering that involves production, designing and operations of machines. The objective of this course is to prepare students to apply the principles of mechanical engineering for designing, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. 

Get complete information about all the BTech Course.

Students who have passed Class 12 in Science stream from a recognized board are eligible to apply for admission to the BE Mechanical Engineering course. Almost all the top engineering institutes in the country admit students on the basis of entrance examinations like JEE Main and JEE Advanced. There is also a round of counseling held after qualifying the entrance examinations.

Some of the top BTech Mechanical Engineering institutes, as rated by NIRF 2020 are as follows.
NIRF Ranking 2020College NameAdmission ProcessAverage annual FeesAverage Placement Package
1IIT MadrasJEE MainINR 75,116INR 8,90,000
2IIT DelhiJEE MainINR 2,24,900INR 10,00,000
3IIT MumbaiJEE MainINR 2,11,400INR 11,00,000
4IIT KanpurJEE MainINR 2,15,600INR 10,00,000
5IIT KharagpurJEE MainINR 82,000INR 9,00,000

There are a large number of government and private institutes that offer this course. The average course fees for the program ranges between INR 50,000 and INR 7,00,000 in public institutes and between INR 3,00,000 to INR 15,00,000 in private engineering colleges.

They usually get employment in areas like Banks, Railways, Defence, Automobile Industry, Electronics Industry, Textile Industry etc. Mechanical Engineering degree holders will be able to get hired in public and private organizations in positions like Mechanical Engineers, Service Engineer, Consultant, Instructional Designer, Mechanical Designer etc. 

The average placement package that can be expected by fresh graduates of BTech Mechanical Engineering  usually ranges between INR 3,00,000 and INR 6,00,000. 

After completion of BTech Mechanical Engineering course, one can opt to enroll in MTech Mechanical Engineering, MBA or PGDM, Law programs, Govt. jobs etc. Also check Top MTech colleges in India. 

What is the BTech Mechanical Engineering Admission Process?

The most popular engineering entrance exams in the country are JEE Main and JEE Advanced, which are mandatory for admission into primarily public universities. Private institutes also conduct their own examinations or rely on the national/ state level entrance exams. The guide to apply for entrance exam based admission is as follows.

  • Step1- Registration: In this step, students need to create an account by entering basic details like email-id, phone number etc.
  • Step2- Application Form: Fill the application form with all necessary details. Care must be taken to ensure all details are accurate and correct.
  • Step3- Uploading of documents: Scan and upload all requisite documents like mark sheets, photograph and signature. Documents need to be uploaded in a specific format only, as specified by the institute’s application portal.
  • Step4- Payment of Application Fees: Candidates have to pay the application fees either online or offline. 
  • Step5 – Downloading of admit card: Admit cards are released once all applicants are judged for eligibility. The admit card must be downloaded and printed out to be used on the day of the examination.
  • Step6 – Entrance Exam: Prepare for the exam as per the syllabus and past papers. Appear for the examination on the date announced.
  • Step7 – Results: Results are announced after a couple of weeks of the exam day. If a candidate is successful in qualifying the entrance examinations, they can move on to the next round.
  • Step8 – Counseling and admission: Counselling is held for students who have cleared the entrance examinations. The student can now take admission in the BTech Mechanical Engineering course.

What is the BTech Mechanical Engineering Eligibility Criteria?

The eligibility criteria for BTech Mechanical Engineering aspirants is not complicated and is as follows. It must be noted that the eligibility criteria will differ from institute to institute.

  • Candidates must have cleared their 10+2 level examinations with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects.
  • The qualifying aggregate score required in Class 12 is at least 50% and above.
  • Candidates having a 3-year Diploma in the related field from a recognized university are eligible to apply for Lateral Entry admissions. 

Which are the popular BTech Mechanical Engineering Entrance Exams?

There are a large number of national and state-level entrance exams to appear for admission into the BTech Mechanical Engineering program. 

Some of the popular BTech Mechanical Engineering entrance exams are as follows: 

JEE Main: JEE Main examination is conducted by NTA at the national level. It is usually conducted in the month of January and April of each year for admission into undergraduate engineering programs. It is an online examination which is of 3 hour duration and the paper is of 360 marks.

JEE Main 2020 Exam PatternJEE Main 2020 SyllabusJEE Main 2020 Cutoff

JEE Advanced: JEE Advanced, previously known as IIT JEE, is the second phase of the JEE Main. It is also an online examination that covers Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The duration of the exam is 3 hours.

JEE Advanced 2020 SyllabusJEE Advanced 2020 Cut-offJEE Advanced 2020 Practice Papers

BITSAT: BITSAT is the engineering entrance examination which is conducted by BITS Pilani. It is the second most popular examination after JEE Main. Candidates must have scored an aggregate score of at least 75% at the 10+2 level with PCM and 60% individually in each of the subjects.

BITSAT 2020 EligibilityBITSAT 2020 SyllabusBITSAT 2020 Cut-off

WBJEE: WBJEEB conducts the exam to grant admission to students in undergraduate Engineering, Technology, Architecture and Pharmacy courses offered by the colleges in West Bengal.

WBJEE 2020 PatternWBJEE 2020 SyllabusWBJEE 2020 Practice Papers

VITEEE: VITEEE is a common entrance exam for VIT Vellore, VIT Chennai, VIT-AP, and VIT- Bhopal. The exam tests students on subjects like Mathematics/Biology, Physics, Chemistry, English and Aptitude. 

VITEE 2021 Pattern

VITEEE 2021 Preparation TipsVITEEE 2021 Practice Papers
The dates of application and examination for the above-mentioned examinations are mentioned in the table below.
ExaminationApplication DeadlineDate of ExamMode of Exam
JEE Main 202031-Jul-20September 1, 2020 - September 6, 2020Online
JEE Advanced 202011-Sep-2027-Sep-20Online
BITSAT 2020January 11 to May 11, 2020September 16 - 18 and 21 - 23, 2020Online
WBJEE 2021Fourth Week of December, 2020 - Third Week of January, 2021Third Week of May, 2021Offline
KEAM 2021First week of February - First week of March, 2021PostponedOffline
VITEEE 2021October 2020 - February 2021 (Tentative)PostponedOnline

How to prepare for BTech Mechanical Engineering entrance examinations?

Candidates are advised to follow the below-mentioned tips to excel in entrance exams: 

  1. Make a timetable for studying and follow the same strictly. . Include each topic in every subject and stick to the timetable. This will ensure the entire syllabus is covered at least once. Allocate time daily to studies.
  2. Clear up the basics. The basics will form the base for the more advanced chapters later on. A strong understanding of the basics will be useful.
  3. Practice, practice, practice. Engineering entrance examinations are all about practice. Take mocks and attempt as many as sample papers as possible.
  4. Allocate time separately for the more difficult topics. If needed, approach a teacher or a tutor to help go over the topics again.
  5. Many toppers recommend depending on the NCERT books of the 10+2 levels. One must be thoroughly clear with the school books before purchasing more books.

To secure admission into a top-ranked BTech Mechanical Engineering college, a number of factors come into play. Some of the following tips will be helpful in that regard.

  1. Be aware of the types of questions and the difficulty level of the questions asked in different entrance exams. Some papers are comparatively easier to attempt than the others. This will help in better preparation.
  2. Since questions are asked from the syllabus covered at the 10+2 level of schooling, going over the material and notes would be sufficient. Revision of all basic concepts must be done.
  3. Some papers have an English section and an Aptitude section. Preparation for these sections can be by practicing past papers.
  4. Be aware of all dates and deadlines. Examination application dates, exam dates etc. are changed and advertised in all major newspapers. It is important to keep track of any such news.
  5. Take a look at the daily news and affairs of the world regularly. Keeping up to date with the news will help in preparation for the exam and counseling round but also act as a break from studying.

Information and details about the BTech Mechanical Engineering program are as follows.


  1. BTech Mechanical Engineering is one of the oldest fields of engineering. Mechanical engineering is the science that forms the principles of Engineering, Physics and Materials Science for the design, analysis, manufacturing and maintenance of mechanical systems.
  2. It is the branch of engineering that involves Design, Production, Operation of machinery with core areas including Mechanics, Kinematics, Thermodynamics, Material Science, Structural Analysis, Electricity etc. 
  3. In this course, there is a huge emphasis on working within a team, as this is considered a key skill for anyone pursuing a mechanical engineering career.
  4. Mechanical engineers design everything from new batteries, athletic equipment to medical devices and from personal computers, air conditioners, automobile engines to electric power plants. 
  5. Mechanical Engineering has always been the most preferred branch of engineering. In the current scenario, India is drastically changing the country in terms of manufacturing, career opportunities in Mechanical have also been immense since its inception.
Highlights for BTech Mechanical Engineering program are provided in the table given below:
Course LevelUndergraduate
Full formBTech Mechanical Engineering
Duration4 years
Examination typeSemester
EligibilityPassed 10+2 from a recognized board with Science stream
Admission processEntrance/ Merit-based
Course feeINR 3,00,000 to 15,00,000
Average SalaryINR 4,00,000 to 6,00,000
Top Recruiting CompaniesBMW, General Electric Co (GE), General Motors Corporation, Ford Motor Company, Caterpillar, Inc., Larsen and Toubro Ltd etc.
Job PositionsMechanical Engineer, Design Engineer, Mechanical Design Engineer, Project Engineer, Production Engineer etc.

Why Study BTech Mechanical Engineering?

The goal to attain a BTech Mechanical Engineering degree will depend on each individual’s aspirations and goals. Some of the reasons to pursue this course are as follows.

  1. Reputed profession: Mechanical Engineering is a high demand field where skilled graduates are able to find open job positions immediately. It is one of the oldest and most reputable engineering divisions. Any student with the passion to excel in the field will find success soon.

  2. High pay: Average packages for BTech Mechanical Engineering graduates are on the higher side for both private and public organizations. The work of a Mechanical Engineering involves initiating, planning, overlooking, and completing mechanical works. Given the scale of work, the pay is also on the higher side.
  3. Career opportunities: A Mechanical Engineer is able to pursue a diverse array of career opportunities. There is no limit to educational programs one can choose. From law, management to competitive examinations to get employed in Government organizations, the sky’s the limit.
  4. On completion of this program, students will be able to get handsome salary packages ranging between INR 4,00,000 and INR 6,00,000 depending on candidate’s expertise in the field. 
  5. Candidates can further pursue PG courses such as M.Tech., Master of Engineering courses after completing this course. 

BE Mechanical Engineering Vs BTech Mechanical Engineering

The course comparison between BE Mechanical Engineering and BTech Mechanical Engineering is as follows. Also check out the top BE Mechanical Engineering Colleges in India.

ParametersBE Mechanical EngineeringBTech Mechanical Engineering
Full FormBachelor of EngineeringBachelor of Technology
ObjectiveThe main focus of BE Mechanical Engineering course is to equip students with theoretical knowledge required to innovate technology and invent new gadgetsBTech Mechanical Engineering emphasize more on application of concepts for practical purposes
Examination typeSemesterSemester
Admission processMerit or Entrance examEntrance Exam or Merit
Eligibility CriteriaPassed Class 12 in Science Stream from a recognized board. Passed Class 12 in Science Stream from a recognized board.
Average Course FeesINR 3,00,000 to 15,00,000INR 1,00,000 to 10,00,000
Job OpportunitiesMechanical Engineer, Design Engineer, Mechanical Design Engineer, Project Engineer, Production Engineer etc.Design Engineer,Purchase and Quality Control Executive,Assistant Mechanical Engineer,Mechanical Engineer
CompaniesBMW, General Electric Co (GE), General Motors Corporation, Tata Motors, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd., Larsen and Toubro Ltd etc.Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL),Thyssen Krupp,Larsen & Toubro (L&T), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) etc.
Average SalaryINR 4,00,000 to 6,00,000INR 5,00,000 to 10,00,000
The table below shows the best BTech Mechanical Engineering colleges and universities that offer the course in a full-time mode.
NIRF Ranking 2020College NameAdmission ProcessAverage Annual FeesAverage Annual Salary
1IIT MadrasJEE MainINR 75,116INR 8,90,000
2IIT DelhiJEE MainINR 2,24,900INR 10,00,000
3IIT MumbaiJEE MainINR 2,11,400INR 11,00,000
4IIT KanpurJEE MainINR 2,15,600INR 10,00,000
5IIT KharagpurJEE MainINR 82,000INR 9,00,000
6IIT RoorkeeJEE MainINR 2,21,700INR 9,78,000
7IIT GuwahatiJEE MainINR 2,19,350INR 7,65,000
8IIT HyderabadJEE MainINR 2,22,995INR 8,40,000
9NIT TrichyJEE MainINR 1,61,250INR 6,00,000
10IIT IndoreJEE MainINR 2,33,900INR 6,50,000
The table given below depicts the comparison made among the three top BTech Mechanical Engineering colleges in India.
ParameterIIT MadrasIIT DelhiIIT Mumbai
ObjectiveIndian Institute of Technology, Madras is one of the top engineering colleges in the country and offers a large number of programs to students. IIT Delhi has been ranked 2nd in the Engineering category and 3rd in overall category by NIRF Rankings 2020. This deemed college currently has a total strength of 5934 with over 800 female students across graduate and postgraduate programs. IIT Bombay is ranked 3rd in the Engineering category by NIRF Ranking 2019., making it one of the best Engineering colleges in the country. It offers a large number of programs at the UG, PG and the Research level. 
LocationChennaiNew DelhiMumbai
NIRF Ranking 2020123
Average FeeINR 75,116INR 2,24,900INR 2,11,400
Average SalaryINR 8,90,000INR 10,00,000INR 11,00,000
Top Companies VisitedBMW, General Electric Co (GE), General Motors Corporation, Tata Motors, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd., Larsen and Toubro Ltd etc.Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL), ThyssenKrupp,Larsen & Toubro (L&T), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) etc.General Motors Corporation, Tata Motors, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.,,Larsen & Toubro (L&T), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) etc.

The subjects taught for the BTech Mechanical Engineering program are almost similar in most of the engineering colleges. The syllabus for the entire BTech Mechanical Engineering course is as follows.

Year IYear II
EnglishApplied Thermodynamics
Environmental StudiesDynamics of Machinery
Electrical TechnologyManufacturing Processes
Introduction to Information TechnologyMaterial Technology
PhysicsMechanics of Solids
Engineering MaterialsFluid Mechanics
Electronics & InstrumentationElectrical Machines & Control
Engineering MechanicsMetrology & Instrumentation
ChemistryTheory of Machines
Engineering GraphicsNumerical & Statistical Methods
Modern BiologyKinematics
Value Education & HRIndustrial Drafting & Machine Design
Practical SessionsPractical Sessions
Year IIIYear IV
Heat and Mass TransferMeasurement & Instrumentation
Industrial Engineering & ManagementEnergy Conservation
Computer Aided Design (CAD)Waste Heat Utilization
Control EngineeringFracture Mechanics
Production TechnologyErgonomics
Internal Combustion EnginesUtilisation of Non-Conventional Energy
Advanced Solid MechanicsOperations Research
Thermal EngineeringMaintenance Engineering
Advanced Mechanical Engineering DesignMechanical Handling Equipment
Mechanical VibrationProduction & Industrial Management
Power Plant EngineeringOrganizational Behaviour
Law for EngineersProject Work
Practical SessionsSummer Training
Mini projectsPractical Sessions

Which Books Can I Refer to While Pursuing BTech Mechanical Engineering?

Tabulated below are some of the BTech Mechanical Engineering subject books that can help students to have a broader and better understanding of the course: 

Mechanical Engineering for Makers: A Hands-on Guide to Designing and Making Physical ThingsBrian Bunnel, Samer Najia
An Introduction to Mechanical EngineeringJonathan Wickert, Kemper Lewis
Mechatronics: Electronics Control Systems in Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (6th edition)William Boltan
The Way Things Work NowDavid Macaulay
People Skills for EngineersTony Munson

Mechanical Engineers can get into Government and Private Enterprises such as Banks, Railways, Defense, etc. The scope of the Mechanical Engineering branch is immense.


There are ample amounts of job opportunities for BTech Mechanical Engineering graduates in Government as well as Private sector.


Some of the most common job profiles that a BTech Mechanical Engineering student can opt for along with job description and salary package are mentioned in the table below.

Job PositionJob DescriptionAverage Annual Salary
Design EngineersDesign Engineers research and develop ideas for new products and the systems used to make them. They also work to improve the performance and efficiency of existing products. INR 4,00,000
Purchase and Quality Control ExecutiveA Quality Control Manager supervises staff and oversees product development procedures to ensure that products meet quality and efficiency standards. INR 5,00,000
Assistant Mechanical EngineerAssistant Mechanical Engineer performs a variety of tasks involving assisting Mechanics to repair, operate and refurbish vehicles. INR 4,50,000
Mechanical EngineerMechanical Engineers produce specifications for, design, develop, manufacture and install new or modified mechanical components or systems. INR 4,75,000
Lecturer/ProfessorThe main job of a Lecturer/ Professor is to impart knowledge of subjects related to Mechanical Engineering.INR 4,20,000

The Mechanical Engineering graduates can prefer to do jobs on completion of this program or can go for higher studies. The most popular choices of education on completion of a BTech Mechanical Engineering degree are as follows.

MTech: If one wishes to continue in the same field of education, the first program of choice is a MTech Mechanical Engineering. It is a two-year course and the eligibility criteria include having a BE or BTech in Mechanical Engineering. This is one of the most popular masters engineering programs and admissions are highly competitive.

Check out the Top MTech Mechanical Engineering Colleges in India.

MBA: A large number of engineering graduates choose to go for the management route by choosing to pursue a PGDM or MBA course. Admissions are offered through a national level entrance test. Having a BTech Mechanical Engineering degree together with an MBA in a specialization of choice is highly advantageous and many organizations actively search for such candidates.

Check out top MBA Colleges and PGDM Colleges in India.

Competitive examinations: Another route that graduates can opt to go for is to prepare for competitive examinations. Examinations that are meant for job opportunities in Government sector organizations are most popular. Jobs are secure with assured high pay and regular increments.

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