Bachelor of Engineering [BE] (Civil Engineering) - Course Overview

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What is BE Civil Engineering?

BE Civil Engineering is a 4 year undergraduate engineering degree course. This course deals with the construction, design and maintenance of structures such as bridges, canals, tunnels, buildings, waterworks, airports etc. 


JEE Main examination is conducted by NTA at the national

The subjects that are taught during the course include Basic Steel Design, Mechanical Engineering, Construction Project Management, Geotechnical Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Structural Analysis etc. 

Get complete information about all the BTech Course.

Students who have opted for science subjects at the 10+2 level of schooling are eligible to apply for admission to BE Civil Engineering course. Almost all the top engineering institutes in the country admit students on the basis of entrance examinations like JEE Main and JEE Advanced. There is also a round of counseling held after qualifying the entrance examinations.


Some of the top BE Civil Engineering institutes, as rated by NIRF 2020 are as follows.

NIRF Ranking 2020Name of the College/ UniversityAdmission ProcessAverage Annual FeesAverage Annual Salary
9College of Engineering, Anna UniversityTNEA 2020INR 50,000INR 5,00,000
17Jadavpur UniversityWBJEE 2020INR 2,400INR 3,00,000
28JMI New DelhiJEE Main 2020INR 10,850INR 4,50,000
29Thapar Institute of Engineering And TechnologyJEE Main 2020INR 3,24,800INR 7,00,000
30BITS PilaniBITSAT 2020INR 4,23,475INR 6,00,000
38BITS RanchiBITSAT 2020INR 3,29,000INR 10,00,000

There are various public and private institutes that offer this course. The average course fees for the program ranges between INR 1,00,000 and INR 7,00,000 in public institutes and between INR 3,00,000 to INR 15,00,000 in private engineering colleges.

Civil Engineering graduates will be able to get hired in public and private organizations in positions like Civil Engineers, Transportation Engineers, Water Resource Engineers, Structural Engineers, Environmental Engineers, Civil Engineering Technicians etc.

They usually get employment in areas like construction and structures, environmental construction, irrigation, urban development, land development etc.

The average placement package that can be expected by fresh graduates of BE Civil Engineering usually ranges between INR 3,00,000 and INR 7,85,000. 

After completion of BE Civil Engineering course, one can opt to enroll in MTech in Civil EngineeringMBA or PGDM, Law programs etc.

What is the BE Civil Engineering Admission Process?

The most popular engineering entrance exams in the country are JEE Main and JEE Advanced, which are required for admission into primarily public universities. Private institutes also conduct their own examinations or rely on the national/ state level entrance exams. The guide to apply for entrance exam based admission is as follows.


  1. Registration: Registration dates are announced days before by the institute. An account needs to be created with basic details like email-id, phone number, etc.
  2. Fill up details: Fill up the application form with all necessary details with care. Care must be taken to ensure all details are accurate and correct.
  3. Submit documents: Scan and upload all required documents like mark sheets. Documents need to be uploaded in a specific format only, as specified by the institute’s application portal.
  4. Application fee: A minimal application fee is to be paid online during the submission of the application form. Payment can be done by all online payment modes.
  5. Download admit card: Admit cards are released once all applicants are judged for eligibility. The admit card must be downloaded and printed out to be used on the day of the examination.
  6. Examination: Prepare for the exam as per the syllabus and past papers. Appear for the examination on the date announced.
  7. Results: Results are announced after a couple of weeks of the exam day. If a candidate is successful in qualifying the entrance examinations, they can move on to the next round.
  8. Counseling and admission: Counselling is held for students who have cleared the entrance examinations. The student can now take admission in the BE Civil Engineering course.


What is the BE Civil Engineering Eligibility Criteria?

The eligibility criteria for BE Civil Engineering aspirants is not complicated and is as follows. It must be noted that the eligibility criteria will differ from institute to institute.


  1. Candidates must have cleared their 10+2 level examinations with physics, chemistry and mathematics subjects.
  2. The qualifying aggregate score required in 10+2 levels is at least 50% and above.
  3. Candidates who have a diploma in mechanical or in allied sciences, done after class 10th, are also eligible for admission.


Which are the popular BE Civil Engineering Entrance Exams?

There are many national and state-level entrance exams to appear for the admission into the BE Civil Engineering program. 

Listed below are some of these popular BE Civil Engineering entrance exams.


JEE Main: JEE Main examination is conducted by NTA at the national level. It is held in the month of January and April of each year for admission into undergraduate engineering programs. It is an online examination, conducted over three hours and the paper is of 360 marks.


JEE Advanced: JEE Advanced, previously known as IIT JEE, is the second phase of the JEE Main examination. The conducting agency is IIT Delhi. It is also an online examination that covers physics, chemistry, and mathematics. The duration of the paper is 3 hours.



BITSAT: BITSAT is the engineering entrance examination to BITS Pilani. The online examination is held to fill up over 2,000 seats at the university. It is the second most popular examination after JEE Main. Candidates must have scored an aggregate score of 75% at the 10+2 level with PCM and 60% individually in each of the subjects.



WBJEE: WBJEEB conducts the exam to grant admission to students in undergraduate Engineering, Technology, Architecture and Pharmacy courses offered by the colleges in West Bengal.


The dates of application and examination for the above-mentioned examinations are mentioned in the table below.

ExaminationApplication DateDate of examMode of exam
JEE Main 202024-May-20September 1, 2020 - September 6, 2020Online
JEE Advanced 2020To be announced23-Aug-20Online
BITSAT 202011-May-20August 6, 2020 - August 10, 2020Online
WBJEE 2021Fourth Week of December, 2020 - Third Week of January, 2021Third Week of May, 2021Offline
KEAM 2021First week of February - First week of March, 2021Third Week of April, 2021Offline

How to prepare for BE Civil Engineering entrance examinations?

To help candidates prepare better and efficiently for the entrance examinations, the following pointers can be referred to.


  1. Prepare a timetable for studying. Include each topic in every subject and stick to the timetable. This will ensure the entire syllabus is covered at least once. Allocate time daily to studies.
  2. Clear up the basics. The basics will form the base for the more advanced chapters later on. A strong understanding of the basics will be useful.
  3. Practice, practice, practice. Engineering entrance examinations are all about practice. Take mocks and attempt as many as sample papers as possible.
  4. Allocate time separately for the more difficult topics. If needed, approach a teacher or a tutor to help go over the topics again.
  5. Many toppers recommend depending on the NCERT books of the 10+2 levels. One must be thoroughly clear with the school books before purchasing more books.


How to get admission in a good BE Civil Engineering college?

To secure admission into a top-ranked BE Civil engineering college, a number of factors come into play. Some of the following tips will be helpful in that regard.


  1. Be aware of the types of questions and the difficulty level of the questions asked in different entrance exams. Some papers are comparatively easier to attempt than the others. This will help in better preparation.
  2. Since questions are asked from the syllabus covered at the 10+2 level of schooling, going over the material and notes would be sufficient. Revision of all basic concepts must be done.
  3. Some papers have an English section and an Aptitude section. Preparation for these sections can be by practicing past papers.
  4. Be aware of all dates and deadlines. Examination application dates, exam dates etc. are changed and advertised in all major newspapers. It is important to keep track of any such news.
  5. Take a look at the daily news and affairs of the world regularly. Keeping up to date with the news will help in preparation for the exam and counseling round but also act as a break from studying.


BE Civil Engineering: What is it about?

BE Civil Engineering: What is it about?

Information and details about the BE Civil Engineering program are as follows.


  1. Civil engineering is a practice of developing and designing infrastructure projects. This can either be on a wider scale or on a smaller scale. 
  2. All features of constructing a structure fall under the work of a Civil Engineer. This includes designing, planning, surveying, budgeting and analyzing. 
  3. The pedagogy of this course includes a mixture of lectures and lab work. Emphasis is also given on working as a team, which is considered a key skill for this course.
  4. Civil engineering is a blend of many scientific areas. Study of these core elements will heavily eyed in the initial years of this course.
  5. Civil engineering skills are powerfully rooted in science and mathematics. A high level of expertise is required in these subjects in order to predict the performance.


Highlights for BE Civil Engineering program are provided in the table given below:
Course LevelUndergraduate
Full formBE Civil Engineering
Duration4 years
Examination typeSemester
EligibilityPassed 10+2 from a recognized board with science stream
Admission processEntrance exam and a round of counselling
Average Course feeINR 3,00,000 to INR 15,00,000
Average Annual SalaryINR 3,00,000 to INR 7,85,000
Top Recruiting CompaniesL&T, TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd, Schlumberger, Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd, Jacobs Engineering, Maytas Infra Ltd, Land Transport Authority, Jacobs Engineering, Shapoorji Pallonji
Job PositionsStructural Engineers, Geotechnical Engineers, Site Engineers, Construction Engineers, Lecturer/Professor etc. 

The goal to attain a BE Civil Engineering degree will depend on each individual’s aspirations and goals. Some of the reasons to pursue this course are as follows.


  1. Reputed profession: Civil engineering is a high demand field where skilled graduates are able to find open job positions immediately. It is one of the oldest and most reputable engineering divisions. Any student with the passion to excel in the field will find success soon.
  2. High pay: Average packages for BE Civil Engineering graduates are on the higher side for both private and public organizations. The work of a civil engineer involves initiating, planning, overlooking, and completing public infrastructure projects. Given the scale of work, the pay is also on the higher side.
  3. Career opportunities: A civil engineer is able to pursue a diverse array of career opportunities. There is no limit to educational programs one can choose. From law, management to competitive examinations to get employed in Government organizations, the sky’s the limit.
  4. On completion of this program, students will be able to get handsome salary packages ranging between INR 3,00,000 and INR 7,80,000 depending on candidate’s expertise in the field. 
  5. Civil engineers work in all the major construction projects taken up by the state or central government, private construction companies, the railways, engineering services, military, consultancy services, etc.
  6. Candidates can further pursue PG courses such as M.Tech., Master of Engineering courses

The course comparison between BE Civil Engineering and BTech Civil Engineering is as follows. Also check out the top BTech Civil Engineering Colleges in India.

ParametersBE Civil EngineeringBTech Civil Engineering
Duration4 years4 years
Focus AreaIt is a theory-oriented course and deals with the study of structures like buildings, bridges, roads, dams, canals, etc. The course is usually offered by public institutes.It is an application and skill-based course that deals with the study of creating structures like buildings, bridges, roads, dams, canals, etc. It is usually offered by universities, both public and private.
Admission CriteriaState or national level entrance examination.State-level or national level entrance examination score.
Eligibility Criteria10+2 with at least 60% aggregate score with PCM subjects.10+2 with at least 60% aggregate score with PCM subjects.
Average Course FeesINR 1,00,000 to INR 6,00,000INR 2,00,000 to INR 6,00,000
Job OptionsCivil Engineer, Architect, Technical Officer, Manager, Business analyst, Assistant Executive Engineer, etcCivil Engineer, Transportation Engineer, Water Resource Engineer, Structural Engineer, Environmental Engineers, Civil Engineering Technicians, etc
Areas of EmploymentCivil Engineering companies, Water resources, Engineering Transportation companies, Tunnel Engineering companiesIrrigation companies, construction, and structural engineering companies, land development, urban development, etc.
Average Placement PackageINR 3,00,000 to INR 7,80,000INR 3,00,000 to INR 5,00,000

The table below shows the best BE Civil Engineering colleges and universities that offer the course in a full-time mode.

NIRF Ranking 2020Name of the College/ UniversityAdmission ProcessAverage Annual FeesAverage Annual Salary
9CEG, Anna UniversityTNEA 2020INR 50,000INR 5,00,000
17Jadavpur UniversityWBJEE 2020INR 2,400INR 3,00,000
28JMI, New DelhiJEE Main 2020INR 10,850INR 4,50,000
29Thapar Institute of Engineering And TechnologyJEE Main 2020INR 3,24,800INR 7,00,000
30BITS PilaniBITSAT 2020INR 4,23,475INR 6,00,000
38BITS RanchiBITSAT 2020INR 3,29,000INR 10,00,000
44SSN College of EngineeringTNEA 2020INR 50,000INR 5,71,000
49P.S.G College of TechnologyTNEA 2020INR 87,000INR 4,00,000
59RIT BangaloreKEAM 2020INR 66,806INR 3,75,000
64TCE MaduraiTNEA 2020INR 50,000INR 3,20,000
The tabulation below depicts the comparison made among the three top BE Civil Engineering colleges in India.
ParameterCEG ChennaiJadavpur UniversityJMI New Delhi
ObjectiveThe College of Engineering, Guindy is one of the top engineering colleges in the country and is affiliated to the Anna University. Jadavpur University is one of the prime universities of India that offers UG, PG and Ph.D courses through its Departments and Affiliated Colleges Jamia Millia Islamia is a central University, established in 1920 at Aligarh which later shifted to Delhi in 1925. This university offers a large number of programs at the UG, PG and research level.
LocationChennaiKolkataNew Delhi
NIRF Ranking 202091728
Average Annual FeeINR 50,000INR 2,400INR 10,850
Average Annual Placement PackageINR 5,00,000INR 3,00,000INR 4,50,000
Top Companies VisitedMicrosoft, Mastercard, Societe Generale, Uber, ABB India, Airbus Engineering Centre India Pvt. Ltd., Altair Engineering Pvt. Ltd., ASC Infrastructure, etc.AFCONS Infrastructures LTD., Alstom Transport India Ltd., Applied Materials, A.M. Marketplaces Pvt. Ltd.ABPS Infrastructure Advisory, Ambica Steels Ltd., Applied Materials, Ashok Leyland, etc.
The subjects taught for the BE Civil Engineering program are almost similar in most of the engineering colleges. The syllabus for the entire BE Civil Engineering course is as follows.
Semester ISemester II
Engineering Mathematics-IEngineering Mathematics-II
Engineering PhysicsEngineering Physics/ Engineering Chemistry
Engineering ChemistryBasic Electrical Engineering / Basic Electronics Engineering
Systems in Mechanical EngineeringProgramming and Problem Solving / Engineering Mechanics
Basic Electrical Engineering / Basic Electronics EngineeringEngineering Graphics (Engineering Drawing)
Programming and Problem Solving / Engineering MechanicsProject-Based Learning
WorkshopPhysical Education-Exercise and Field Activities
Semester IIISemester IV
Building Technology and Architectural PlanningGeotechnical Engineering
Mechanics of StructureSurvey
Fluid MechanicsConcrete Technology
Engineering Mathematics IIIStructural Analysis
Engineering GeologyProject Management
Awareness to civil Engineering Practices / Road Safety Management / Foreign LanguageProject-based learning
Semester VSemester VI
Hydrology and Water Resource EngineeringAdvanced Surveying
Infrastructure Engineering and Construction TechniquesProject Management and Engineering Economics
Structural Design-IFoundation Engineering
Structural Analysis-IIStructural Design-II
Fluid Mechanics - IIEnvironmental Engineering-I
Semester VIISemester VIII
Environmental Engineering IIDams and Hydraulic Structures
Transportation EngineeringQuantity Surveying, Contracts, and Tenders
Structural Design and Drawing IIIElective – III
Elective-IElective -IV

List of Electives – I and II


  1. Structural Design of Bridges
  2. Systems Approach in Civil Engineering
  3. Advanced Concrete Technology
  4. Architecture and Town Planning
  5. Advanced Engineering Geology with Rock Mechanics
  6. Matrix Methods of Structural Analysis
  7. Integrated Water Resources and Planning
  8. TQM & MIS in Civil Engineering
  9. Earthquake Engineering
  10. Advanced Geotechnical Engineering


List of Electives – III and IV


  1. Advanced Structural Design
  2. Advanced Foundation Engineering
  3. Hydropower Engineering
  4. Air Pollution and control
  5. Finite Element Method in Civil Engineering
  6. Construction Management
  7. Advanced Transportation Engineering
  8. Statistical Analysis and Computational Methods in Civil Engineering
  9. Plumbing Engineering
  10. Green Building Technology
  11. Ferrocement Technology
  12. Subsea Engineering
  13. Wave Mechanics


Which Books Can I Refer to While Pursuing BE Civil Engineering?

Tabulated below are some of the BE Civil Engineering subject books that can help students to have a broader and better understanding of the course: 


Name of the BookAuthor
Structures: Or Why Things Don't Fall Down (Paperback)J.E. Gordon
Structural Analysis (Hardcover)Russell C. Hibbeler
Civil Engineering Formulas (Pocket Guide)Tyler G. Hicks
The Civil Engineering Handbook (New Directions in Civil Engineering)Wai-Fah Chen
Why Buildings Fall Down: Why Structures Fail (Paperback)Matthys Levy
  1. The civil engineering field has limited job opportunities in comparison to fields like IT or Software. Civil engineers are hired in many different sectors of the industry from oil and energy, petroleum to chemical and power facilities, etc. Some engineers are also able to secure jobs in sectors like banking, consulting, and software, etc.
  2. A career as a Civil Engineer offers several lucrative job avenues in both the public and private sector. Some popular options include railways, consulting firms, defense force, and municipal corporations. 


Some of the most common job profiles that a BE Civil Engineering student can opt for along with job description and salary package are mentioned in the table below.

Job PositionJob DescriptionAverage Annual Salary
Structural EngineersStructural Engineers basically design, supervise and plan the construction of infrastructural projects. They also take care of modification and addition to existing properties or structuresINR 4,80,000
Geotechnical EngineersThe Chief responsibility of Geotechnical Engineers is to build projects and find solution to the problemsINR 3,60,000
Site EngineersTo take responsibility for health, security, safety, organizing, supervising material and people working at the site. They are part of the site management team.INR 3,20,000
Construction EngineersTo plan, supervise, direct large construction projects. They act as leaders on construction projects and safeguard the smooth functioning of the project.INR 3,80,000
Lecturer/ProfessorThe main job of a Lecturer/ Professor is to impart knowledge of subjects related to Civil EngineeringINR 4,20,000

What are the Future Scopes of BE Civil Engineering?

The Civil Engineering graduates can prefer to do jobs on completion of this program or can go for higher studies. The most popular choices of education on completion of a BE Civil Engineering degree are as follows.


  1. ME: If one wishes to continue in the same field of education, the first program of choice is a ME Civil Engineering. It is a two-year course and the eligibility criteria include having a BE or BTech in Civil Engineering. This is one of the most popular masters engineering programs and admissions are highly competitive.


Check out the Top ME Civil Engineering Colleges in India.


MBA: A large number of engineering graduates choose to go for the management route by choosing to pursue a PGDM or MBA course. Admissions are offered through a national level entrance test. Having a BE Civil Engineering degree together with an MBA in a specialization of choice is highly advantageous and many organizations actively search for such candidates.


Check out top MBA Colleges and PGDM Colleges in India.


Competitive examinations: Another route that graduates can opt to go for is to prepare for competitive examinations. Examinations that are meant for job opportunities in Government sector organizations are most popular. Jobs are secure with assured high pay and regular increments.

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